Journal 13



Research: History

“The first people to inhabit Norway were hunters who lived in small settlements. Gradually, roughly between 1500 and 500 BC, Norwegians also started to practice agriculture. Around 800 AD, groups of people living in the south and the west of the region called Vikings started to move away in search of new land. The name Vikings meant ‘men of the Vik’, a huge area that lies between Norway and Sweden. Together with other groups of Vikings from other regions of Scandinavian peninsula (Sweden and Denmark), the Norwegian Vikings sailed westward. They invaded and settled in Ireland, Scotland, England, and France. They also settled in uninhabited lands such as Greenland and undertook expeditions as far as the northeast coast of America.”

“Vikings were skilled sailors and they specialized in building robust and fast ships for both war and exploration. In the 11th century, the Vikings established a Scandinavian empire consisting of England, Denmark and Norway. As the time progressed the Viking way of life changed. Leading chieftain families accumulated land and power, trade routes expanded and the first towns were founded. Also the religion changed; through their expeditions, Viking chiefs came into contact with Christian monarchies. Olaf II, a Viking chief, was converted to Christianity and, once back in his country in 1015 he became the king of Norway and brought Christianity to Norway.”

Preliminary Work

HPSC1602 HPSC1603

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