About Scars & Scarring
The basics on scars and why they form
Scars are the natural result of the way the body heals a wound. The actual scar tissue is a section of repaired skin that does not look or feel like ordinary skin. The more you understand about scars and your skin, the better the decisions you can make about what, if any, care or treatment you might need.
Scars can affect how we feel about ourselves and how we function. Sometimes, scars can affect one’s self-esteem and confidence, especially when they are on the face, hands and other areas of the body that people can see easily. Scars can also cause physical pain, tenderness and severe itching. Some scars, such as those caused by burns or deep wounds, also make it harder for people to move or function normally.
Wounds heal in phases over weeks and even years, and the scar that forms can change during that process. There are different types of scars and many causes. Certain types of care and treatment can often reduce the appearance, pain or discomfort of scars, and can even help improve how elastic or flexible scar tissue becomes.
How scars form
When skin is damaged, the body produces special cells to repair it. Scars are the sections of repaired skin that do not look like natural skin even after they are healed.
The older a person is, the slower the skin heals, making scars more likely.
In general, people with darker or very light skin are more susceptible to noticeable scarring.
Different hormonal levels may affect the way a person’s skin scars.
In places on the body where the skin is subject to tension, such as at the joints or shoulders, more noticeable scars are likely to form.
Infection/inflammation during the healing process means a higher risk of scarring.
Hereditary factors also play a role in the healing of the wound and, therefore, could make the skin prone to scarring.
Some scars have too much collagen and other tissues, which causes raised skin. Some have too little collagen, which causes the scar to be lower than the skin around it. Repaired skin might have no hair follicles, be less elastic (or flexible), and form longer strands of tissue compared to the skin around it. These changes create different types of scars.
Causes of scars
Scars can occur from any damage to the skin, but they can be worse if any scabs that form are removed too early. A number of other events or conditions can cause scars.
Types of scars
What type of scar do you have?
Scars come in various shapes, sizes and even colors. These different characteristics depend on many factors: how the skin was damaged, how well the skin heals, your personal and family history of scarring, how old the scar is and where it is on your body. Likewise, each different type might need different types of care or treatment.
Types of scars:
• Atrophic scars from acne, chickenpox and injury
• Keloid and hypertrophic scars which cause raised skin
Types of scars
Atrophic scars (pronounced aye TRO fick) form a depression or sunken area because of damage to the collagen, fat or other tissues below the skin. These scars are caused by: Acne, chickenpox, surgery and accidents.
Keloid and hypertrophic scars are dense, raised scars that are thicker than surrounding skin. They occur when the body produces too much collagen while a wound heals. They can be removed by surgery, but might return.
• Keloid (pronounced KEY loyd) scars occur when too many cells grow at the site of a skin injury. The resulting tissue covers the wound and some part of surrounding skin. These red-purple scars do not usually go away by themselves. They are more common in people who are African-American, Hispanic or Asian.
• Hypertrophic (pronounced HI purr TRO fick) scars are also raised, but they do not usually expand beyond the wound. They can fade at least partially without any treatment.
Chapter 3: Blood in the Gutter
- all of us perceive the world as a whole through the experience of our senses, yet our senses can only reveal a world that is fragmented/incomplete
- closure: observe the parts but perceive the whole
- comic panels fracture both time and space, offering a jagged, staccato rhythm of unconnected moments — — closure allows us to connect these moments and mentally construct a continuous, unified reality
- moment-to-moment— requires very little closure
- subject-to-subject— reader involvement is necessary
- scene-to-scene— transport across significant distances of time and space
- aspect-to-aspect— sets a wandering eye of different aspects of a place, idea or mood
- non-sequitur— no logical relationship between panels
- between panels: none of our senses are required yet all of our senses are engaged
- It makes me wonder if the world really doesn’t exist if we don’t perceive it to be. I had never realized how powerful the idea of faith is with everyday known facts.
- Closure can really be used in any media, and it is an important part of how we see things today.
- It is interesting to see how our other senses are touched just by visually communicating something.
Chapter 4: Time Frames
- words introduce time by representing that which can only exist in time — — sound
- panels being icons— no fixed/absolute meaning, meaning is not as fluid/malleable as pictures
- readers are left with a vague sense— as eyes move through space, they move through time (we don’t know how much time has passed)
- bleeds: panels run off the edge of the page— timeless space
- with comics, you see past, present, and future at the same time
- motion lines
- polytych: a moving figure(s) is/are imposed over a continuous background
- Panels can be used to eliminate a person’s sense of time when applied properly
- Time is something we can see every moment of with panels in comics — — we can re-live the past and look at the future while in the present in the same moment with peripheral vision